Children of Cambodia

August 15, 2018/0/0

The situation for children in this country is serious and often tragic. Cambodia must make serious efforts so that children can benefit from better living conditions. Thats why our project seeks in particular to improve  the quality and efficiency of the education of children in Cambodia. In this article we want to tell you about problems children face in Cambodia.

Poverty

Today around 30% of the population lives below the povertyline in Cambodia. Cambodia has had a hard time recovering from the horrors of the Khmer Rouge regime in the late 1970s that killed an estimated 2 million people.

Right to health

In Cambodia the situation is severe and the health of children is bad. This poverty touches children most of all, who as a result suffer from malnutrition and poor life conditions. Hospitals are insufficient and above all are in very bad condition. Often, they don’t have pediatric services so children are exposed to all the infections and illnesses present in the hospital. More than three quarters of births take place in the mother’s house in Cambodia. This explains in part the country’s the high infant mortality rate.

Right to education

Currently, more than 10% of Cambodian children do not go to school. Access to education for young girls is even more restricted since only 20% of them go to a secondary school. Even if the education rate has improved in the past few years, the conditions of education are deplorable. The material and hygiene in schools is largely inadequate. Also, children combine work and school and so can’t study in good conditions. This is the main issue we focus in our project Genesis in Cambodia.

Child Labour

Labor is an everyday reality for around 45% of children age 5 to 14 in Cambodia. It is estimated that more than 300,000 children are required to work to support the needs of their families. Extremely dangerous tasks await children from the poorest families. These children are often confronted with the sex and drug trades. Others must provide unsafe and dangerous labor in salterns, factories, or for the booming construction industries.

Sexual abuse of children

Many Cambodian children looking for work are exploited. They are often victims of exploitations and sexual assaults. A major part of this traffic takes place on the border with Thailand. Cambodian legislation suppresses this child trafficking and sexual exploitation. But unfortunately, law enforcement is unreliable and law enforcers are frequently the perpetrators of harassment, abuse, and violence towards those that they arrest. Because of this, the rare rapes and assaults that are reported are lost in a completely corrupt judicial system.

Girls are particularly vulnerable. After growing up in poor families and without proper education, many are forced to work as sex-workers, regardless of the threat of HIV/AIDS. The children’s lives have been changed by the HIV/AIDS issue completely because many have inherited HIV from their parent and, being orphan children with HIV, they face discrimination and stigma. No one cares for them and the quality of their life and equal rights are lost, which leads to a negative life prospect.

Child marriage

23% of young Cambodian wives confess to have been married before the age of 18.
It happens that when a Cambodian girl is raped and the aggressor is known, the family of the victim, ashamed by the impurity of their daughter, proposes marriage to the rapist. The young girl must then not only overcome the appalling aftermath of a rape, along with marriage at too young an age, but she must also accept her rapist sharing her life every day. Such a situation is appalling to say the least, and the psychological consequences it creates are seriously irreparable.

Based on this issues, the aim of this project is to focus on orphans and vulnerable children and help them:

  1. To enable them to go to school
  2. To provide employable skills
  3. To help them find an occupation when they have finished their training

We believe it is not only important to educate, but to educate well. We work to ensure that children from poor families receive quality education and we also contribute to improving pedagogical practices.

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